Development of A Child Through the Years

Each child is different and their growth may vary from one another some babies might take their first step in 11 months and others a bit later. There may be differences the use of development milestones helps one to evaluate the development of one’s baby.

The developmental milestone was created based on the fulfillment of certain activities in the following categories, physical development, cognitive development, language development and social emotional development. Entirely depending on a developmental milestone is not advised because there may be individual variation but if there is anything you find that is different it’s always best to consult a physician and discuss.

Birth to 18 months

This is when the child grows rapidly and are adapting to changes, doctors advise to communicate as much as possible with the child as this would help develop their social skills later on

Babies of age 1-3 month

Cognitive development; gets fascinated with faces and objects social development; tries to look and smile at people, language; starts making sounds and calm down when spoken, physical; turns towards the origin of the sound, follows objects, can grasp objects and even lift their head for little longer.

4-6 months

Cognitive; are able to recognize familiar faces, notice music, social; react to facial expression, love to play with people, react differently to different voices, language; laughing and starting to imitate sounds and babble, physical; reach out for things, roll over and push them up with arms

5- 9 months

Cognitive; can bring hand up to mouth, can pass things from one hand to another, social; tend to imitate and recognize strange faces, language; responds to their name, using actions to communicate, physical; can sit with no support, rolling in both directions.

10-18 months

Cognitive; may know to use basic stuff like spoon, can name body parts, social; can engage in simple games like pretend, cry around strangers, language; can say a few words, can wave bye, physical; crawl and eventually walk holding onto surface, drink from a cup.

18- 24 months

Cognitive; identify certain pictures, knows common objects, scribbles, build towers from blocks, play pretend game social; help with cleaning up toys, recognize oneself in mirror, may start playing with other children, language; knows several words, like listening to stories, can follow directions, may ask small questions, may use 2-word phrase, physical; may help with wearing clothes, drinks well from cup, can draw line and circle, throw balls

3-5 years

Preschool age, children become more independent now, may experience new things, play with friends, trying to adapt to day care or kindergarten, speak more clearly, do simple activities. Since children are more independent at this age, you can bring kids craft packs for your child.

School age

Children are seen as more independent and they can do a lot more now, they can follow up instructions, can count backwards, can tell time and are able to use devices like the phone, can write stories and eventually get understanding of figurative speech, may able to learn what is right and wrong and develop their own opinion. Become more independent from parents, learns to make friends, can show variation in mood, start reading books, draw or paint, able to dress themselves up.

These are only for a referral if there is any concern because of some delay it is better to talk to a physician.